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Aztec Warrior The Future Lies In The Past VideoTop 10 HORRIFYING Facts About AZTEC WARRIORS
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External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Starting out as a warrior in Aztec society really depended on your status, commoners and noble Aztecs would take different paths.
For the commoners, you would either start as a youth warrior, completing your training and you would have to prove your worth on the battlefield, with a cap on the height of the order you could attain.
For nobles the options were much more open, you would progress in warrior orders dependant on your. A large portion of rankings for Aztec warriors were based on how they performed on the battlefield, the ability for them to rise through the ranks was partially dependant on this.
Nobility also played a factor too, with more opportunity afforded to the upper social layers of the Aztec society, who received superior training and greater possibility of higher ranks.
The Aztec military structure as we previously mentioned mixed traditional military style rankings, and also warrior orders and classes that were grouped alongside the traditional ranks.
While the latter was indeed a part of the Aztec domain, there was more to these people than their ritualistic penchant for blood suggests. To that end, let us have a look at the origins and history of the Aztec warrior culture that paved the way for one of the greatest empires in the Western Hemisphere.
In fact, the legacy of the Aztecs directly relates to that of the Mexica culture, one of the nomadic Chichimec people that entered the Valley of Mexico by circa AD.
The Mexica were both farmers and hunter-gatherers, but they were mostly known by their brethren to be fierce warriors.
And on the latter front, they were tested — by remnants of the Toltec Empire. In fact, according to one version of their legacy, it was the Toltec warlords who pursued the Mexica and forced them to retreat to an island.
Suffice it to say, in these initial years when Tenochtitlan was still considered as a backwater settlement, the Mexica were not counted among the political elite of the region.
As such many of them peddled their status as fearsome warriors and inducted themselves as elite mercenaries of the numerous rival Toltec factions.
This shift in the balance of power in their favor fueled the Mexica to a dominant position in the region. And together banding with their culturally-aligned, Nahuatl-speaking brethren from the allied cities of Texcoco and Tlacopan, the Mexica nobles and princes formed what is known as the Aztec Triple Alliance or the Aztec Empire.
This super-entity ruled the area in and around the Valley of Mexico from the 15th century till the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.
As we can gather from the earlier entry, the Aztecs pertaining to an alliance of Nahuatl -speaking people were first and foremost a warrior society.
Relating to the last part of the statement, while the nobles and high-ranking members of the Aztec society played their crucial roles in both the political and military affairs, the Aztec military structure at least during the first half of 15th century theoretically adhered to the ideals of meritocracy.
Simply put, a commoner could also rise up to the rank of an Aztec warrior, on the condition that he proved his ferocity and valor in battle by not only killing but also capturing a certain number of enemies.
One of the first tasks the small boy had to perform related to the intensive physical labor of carrying heavy goods and crucial food supplies from the central marketplace.
And for that, he was only provided with a frugal meal of half a maize cake at the age of three, a full maize cake at the age of five, and one-and-a-half maize cake at the age of twelve.
These paltry portions encouraged the would-be Aztec warrior to subsist on meager food items. By the age of seven, the Aztec boy had to learn to maneuver his family boat and fish on Lake Texcoco.
Now we did mention that the Aztec military during the first half of the 15th-century theoretically adhered to a merit-based system. However, as referenced in the Aztec Warrior AD by John Pohl , on the practical side of affairs, the warfare and military campaigns were conducted by the noble houses, who formed their own religiopolitical institutions.
Many of these schools were run by veteran warriors who were barely older than the pupils themselves, thus alluding to the demand and progression of military duties in the Aztec society.
In any case, one of the first tasks assigned to the teenager trainees focused on teamwork, and as such entailed investing their time in repairing and cleaning public works like canals and aqueducts.
This notion of societal interdependence was imparted from a very early age in most Aztec boys — which in many ways rather reinforced their sense of fraternity during actual military campaigns.
Contrary to popular ideas, discipline was one of the mainstays of the Aztec military — so much so that drunkenness during training could even result in the death penalty on rare occasions.
The youths were however introduced to real combat scenarios only during the major religious festivals that were mostly held in the central district of the city.
Due to the extremely dangerous nature of this job they risked a torturous death and the enslavement of their family if discovered , these spies were amply compensated for their work.
The Aztecs also used a group of trade spies, known as the naualoztomeca. The naualoztomeca were forced to disguise themselves as they traveled.
They sought after rare goods and treasures. The naualoztomeca were also used for gathering information at the markets and reporting the information to the higher levels of pochteca.
Ahtlatl : perhaps lit. This weapon was considered by the Aztecs to be suited only for royalty and the most elite warriors in the army, and was usually depicted as being the weapon of the Gods.
Murals at Teotihuacan show warriors using this effective weapon and it is characteristic of the Mesoamerican cultures of central Mexico.
Warriors at the front lines of the army would carry the ahtlatl and about three to five tlacochtli, and would launch them after the waves of arrows and sling projectiles as they advanced into battle before engaging into melee combat.
The ahtlatl could also throw spears as its name implies "spear thrower". Tlacochtli : The "darts" launched from an Atlatl, not so much darts but more like big arrows about 5.
Tipped with obsidian, fish bones, or copper heads. Archers in the Aztec army were designated as Tequihua. Typically fletched with turkey or duck feathers.
The Aztecs used oval shaped rocks or hand molded clay balls filled with obsidian flakes or pebbles as projectiles for this weapon.
Bernal Diaz del Castillo noted that the hail of stones flung by Aztec slingers was so furious that even well armored Spanish soldiers were wounded.
Tlacalhuazcuahuitl : A blowgun consisting of a hollow reed using poisoned darts for ammunition. The darts used for this weapon were made out of sharpened wood fletched with cotton and usually doused in the neurotoxic secretions from the skin of tree frogs found in jungle areas of central Mexico.
This was used primarily for hunting rather than warfare. Essentially a wooden sword with sharp obsidian blades embedded into its sides similar in appearance and build to a modern cricket bat.
This was the standard armament of the elite cadres. Also known in Spanish by the Taino word " macana ".
A blow from such a weapon was reputedly capable of decapitating a horse. Cuahuitl : Lit. Wood A baton made out of hardwood more than likely oak , reminiscent of the agave plant's leaves in its shape.
Basically an axe, comparable to a tomahawk , the head of which was made out of either stone, copper or bronze and had a two side design, one side had a sharp bladed edge while the other one a blunt protrusion.
Huitzauhqui: This weapon was meant to represent the Aztec God Huitzilopochtli. A wooden club, somewhat resembling a baseball bat.
This weapon was used for melee attacks just as it was made, but other designs were studded with flint or obsidian cutting elements on its sides. Tecpatl : This weapon was meant to represent the Aztec God Xiuhtecuhtli.
Although this would have been an effective side arm, this weapon was more commonly used in Aztec sacrifice ceremonies which may point to it being wielded mostly by Aztec warrior priests.
One or two fingers thick, this material was resistant to obsidian swords and atlatl darts. Tlahuiztli : The distinctively decorated suits of prestigious warriors and members of warrior societies.
These suits served as a way to identify warriors according to their achievements in battle as well as rank, alliance, and social status like priesthood or nobility.
Usually made to work as a single piece of clothing with an opening in the back, they covered the entire torso and most of the extremities of a warrior, and offered added protection to the wearer.
Made with elements of animal hide, leather, and cotton, the tlahuiztli was most effective by enhancing the Ichcahuipilli.
Cuacalalatli : The Aztec war helmet, carved out of hardwood. Shaped to represent different animals like howler monkeys , predatory cats, birds, coyotes, or Aztec deities.
These helmets protected most of a warriors head down to the jawline, the design allowed the warrior to see through the animal's open jaw and they were decorated according to the wearer's tlahuiztli.
Similar to the Japanese sashimono. These were frequently unique to their wearers, and were meant to identify the warrior at a distance.
These banners allowed officers to coordinate the movement of their units. Once the decision of going to war was made the news were proclaimed in the plazas calling for mobilization of the army for several days or weeks in advance.
When the troops were ready and any allied cities had been alerted and had given their consent to partake in the campaign the march began.
Usually the first to march were the priests carrying the effigies, the next day the nobles marched led by the Tlacochcalcatl and Tlacateccatl.
And on the third day the main bulk of the army set out with the Tenochca marching first followed by the warriors from the other cities in the alliance Tepanecas and Texcocas and lastly the allied forces from other cities, some of these subject cities would also join in gradually during the march as the army passed by their cities.
Thanks to the efficient system of roads maintained throughout central Mexico the army marched an estimated average of 19—32 kilometers per day.
In the war against Coixtlahuacan the Aztec army numbered , warriors and , porters. Other sources mention Aztec armies of up to , men. The signal to attack was given by the drums Teponaztli and the conch shell trumpet quiquiztli blown by the trumpeter.
The first warriors to enter into melee were the most distinguished warriors of the Cuachicque and the Otontin societies; then came the Eagles and Jaguars, and lastly the commoners and unpracticed youths.
Until entering into melee order rank was maintained and the Aztecs would try to surround or outflank the enemy, but once the melee began the ranks dissolved into a fray of individual hand-to-hand fighting.
Youths participating in battle for the first time would usually not be allowed to fight before the Aztec victory was ensured, after which they would try to capture prisoners from the fleeing enemy.
It is said that, particularly during flower wars, Aztec warriors would try to capture rather than kill their foes, sometimes striving to cut a hamstring or otherwise incapacitate their opponents.
This has been used as an argument to explain the defeat of the Aztecs by the Spanish  but this argument has been rejected by many historians — since sources clearly state that Aztecs did kill their Spanish opponents whenever they had the chance, and quickly adapted their combat strategies to their new opponents.
Once the city was conquered the main temple would be set on fire signaling far and wide, to all concerned, the Aztec victory.
If enemies still refused to surrender the rest of the city could be burned as well, but this was uncommon. Some captives were sacrificed to Tonatiuh in ritual gladiatorial combat as was the case of the famous warrior Tlahuicole.
In this rite, the victim was tethered in place to a large carved circular "stone" temalacatl  and given a mock weapon.
It is one of the most beautiful sights in the world to see them in their battle array because they keep formation wonderfully and are very handsome.
Among them are extraordinarily brave men who face death with absolute determination. I saw one of them defend himself courageously against two swift horses, and another against three and four, and when the Spanish horseman could not kill him one of the horsemen in desperation hurled his lance, which the Aztec caught in the air, and fought with him for more than an hour until two-foot soldiers approached and wounded him with two or three arrows.
He turned on one of the soldiers but the other grasped him from behind and stabbed him. During combat, they sing and dance and sometimes give the wildest shouts and whistles imaginable, especially when they know they have the advantage.
Anyone facing them for the first can be terrified by their screams and their ferocity.Exo Terra Aztec Warrior. Verleiht Ihrem Terrarium eine mystische mesoamerikanische Azteken-Atmosphäre; Bietet ein sicheres Versteck; Trägt dazu bei, Stress. Aztec Warrior: AD | Pohl, John, Hook, Adam | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. How to Be an Aztec Warrior | MacDonald, Fiona | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Exo Terra Aztec Warrior - Terrarienversteck in Adlerkrieger Optik 15,5x14x22cm Das Exo Terra Azteken-Sortiment verleiht Ihrem Terrarium eine mystische. Aztecas Art Aztec Empire World Mythology Aztec Culture Aztec Warrior Warrior Spirit My Fantasy World Mesoamerican Inca Tlazolteotl "The Filth-Eater" is the Aztec Goddess of purification, steam bath, midwives, filth, and a patroness of adulterers. In Nahuatl, the word tlazolli can refer to vice and diseases. Aztec Warriors The Aztec empire was an empire that expanded rapidly. It's not a surprise that Aztec warriors held a very important place in the culture of central Mexico. But where did the Aztec warrior come from, and what was his life like?. Aztec Warriors In Aztec society, men and boys underwent rigorous military training to become warriors. Warriors were often held in high esteem in Aztec society and were frequently relied upon to conquer lands for the Aztec empire. Units made famous by the real-time strategy game Age of Empires 2, the eagle warriors (cuāuhtli) and jaguar warriors (ocēlōtl) possibly comprised the largest elite warrior band in the Aztec military, and as such when fielded together, were known as the cuauhtlocelotl. An Eagle warrior (left) depicted holding a macuahuitl in the Florentine Codex. Eagle warriors or eagle knights (Classical Nahuatl: cuāuhtli [ˈkʷaːwtɬi] (singular) or cuāuhmeh [ˈkʷaːwmeʔ] ()) were a special class of infantry soldier in the Aztec army, one of the two leading military special forces orders in Aztec society, the other being the Jaguar warriors. For a commoner to rise in status it would have to be proved in battle and taking captives was Mailand Florenz big factor. The Aztec were highly militarized and it was an important part of their life. In current culture, the eagle warrior is a representation of the Aztec culture, and therefore the Mexican tradition. Cuacalalatli : Hot Spiele Aztec war helmet, carved out of hardwood.
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